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Contraceptives Pros and Cons of 15 Methods

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: 15 Methods

This is a follow up to the last week’s article. So what about contraceptives and pros and cons, which one do I take? What are side effect, what are pro’s? All of these factors makes it hard to choose and most of women have really hard time choosing the right one. There are so many informations out there about contraceptives, that you don’t know what is true and what is not. Sometimes even doctors will advise you to the most effective contraceptives instead of to advise you the best suit for you and your situation. I get it, the struggle is real. But don’t worry I am here to make it easy for you. I will lay down everything for you, so you know the entire truth and can then really chose the best for you.

With contraceptives it is hard because yes some are more effective and just in theory yes that should be the best for you, but it is not as simple as that. Let’s say you had unproductive sex and want to take Plan B because Plan B is the most effective in this situation and that is all true. But what if you are someone who anyways has hard time with period, very painful and you can’t handle even more pain. Plan B is known to cause more pain during the period and give you irregular period for a while. Even though that is the most effective, some women don’t want to risk having even more pain and that is fine. Everyone’s preferences are different and that is part of life. For this type of person abortion pill would probably be a better choice in case she did get pregnant.

So because everyone has different preferences, before I start I want you do the following:

-Write down your goal for contraceptives or I guess why you need contraceptives: Is it to prevent you to get pregnant, is it because you might have trouble with period or something else, it can be for many reasons

-What is something you want or don’t want?: Do you currently have bad periods and don’t want to make it worse? Are you trying to avoid taking pills are want to take alternatives to pills? Do you want contraceptives without health side effects?

It is better and much easier for you to write down goals and things you want or not so then you know exactly which contraceptives to get when reading the pro and cons.

Contraceptive Implant

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Contraceptive Implant (99.9% Effective)

The implant is about the size of a thin matchstick and is inserted under the skin of the upper arm using local anaesthetic. It contains the hormone progestogen, which prevents the ovary from releasing an egg and thickens the cervical mucus (also known as discharge) to act as a barrier to sperm.

Pros

:: Once fitted you don’t have to think about contraception and it does not interfere with sex.

:: Once you put it, it can last for three years, but you can remove it at any time by a doctor or nurse and normal fertility will return.

:: Using implant is ensuring you highly effective protection against pregnancy. If implanted correctly, it’s more than 99% effective. 

:: If you know you don’t want to get pregnant for while it can be very useful method.

:: It’s useful for women who can’t use contraception that contains oestrogen and for those who find it hard to remember to take a pill daily. 

Cons

:: At first, you may feel some bruising, tenderness or swelling around the implant. 

:: In the first year after the implant is fitted, your periods may become irregular, lighter, heavier or longer – although this usually settles down after the first year.

:: A common side effect of the implant is that your periods stop completely. 

:: Some medications can make the implant less effective. Therefore additional contraceptive precautions need to be followed when you are taking these medications.

IUS Contraceptives

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: IUS (99.8% Effective)

An IUS is a small plastic T-shaped device that continuously releases a small amount of the hormone progestogen, which interferes with implantation and thickens cervical mucus to act as a barrier to sperm. 

It requires a simple procedure, carried out by a doctor or nurse, to insert it into the uterus. Two brands of IUS used in the UK are Mirena and Jaydess.

Pros

:: Once it has been fitted you don’t have to think about contraception and it does not interfere with sex.

:: Great news or not for periods. Periods may become lighter or stop altogether. 

:: This method can last for five years but can be removed at any time by a doctor or nurse and normal fertility will return.

:: IUS isn’t affected by any other medicines. 

Cons

:: You may experience unpredictable bleeding in the first few months of use.

:: There is a low risk of an ectopic pregnancy, but only if you happen to become pregnant while using an IUS – which is very unlikely. “Although the risk is low, if you are using an IUD or IUS and you think you might be pregnant and/or have a sudden or unusual pain in your lower abdomen, you should seek medical advice as soon as possible

Contraceptives Pros and Cons

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Intrauterine Device / IUD / Coil (99.2% Effective)

An IUD is a small, T-shaped piece of flexible plastic and copper that is fitted inside the uterus by a doctor or nurse. The copper is toxic to sperm.

Pros

:: Once fitted you don’t have to think about contraception and it does not interfere with sex.

:: It can be left in place for up to 10 years but can be removed at any time by a doctor or nurse and normal fertility will return.

:: It’s suitable for people who are unable to use hormonal methods.

:: IUD isn’t affected by any other medicines. 

:: An IUD can also be used as emergency contraception and is more effective at preventing pregnancy than taking an emergency pill. 

Cons

:: In contrast to the IUS, periods may become heavier, longer or more painful. However, according to FPA, this can improve after a few months. 

:: There is a low risk of an ectopic pregnancy, but only if you happen to become pregnant while using an IUD.

injection Contraceptives Pros and Cons

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Contraceptive Injection (94% Effective)

An injectable form of the hormone progestogen, which prevents the ovary from releasing an egg. 

The injection is another long-acting method which lasts for 13 weeks. It’s highly effective if you use it according to instructions and always have your next injection at the right time.

If you don’t always do this then it’s less effective – the way it’s typically used means around six in 100 injection-users become pregnant in a year.

Pros

:: It does not interfere with sex and you don’t have to think about contraception for three months after injection.

:: Contraceptive Injection may reduce heavy painful periods and help with premenstrual symptoms for some women.

:: This isn’t affected by any other medicines.

Cons

:: You could experience unpredictable bleeding, however periods usually become lighter or stop altogether.

:: You may gain weght with this method, but not all women do.

:: The injection takes 12 weeks to leave the body if side effects do occur.

:: It can take up to a year for fertility to return to normal after using it, which means it’s not suitable if you want to get pregnant in the near future.

Combined Pill

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Combined Pill / The Pill (91% Effective)

The pill is made of synthetic hormones similar to those found naturally in a woman’s body. It works by preventing the ovary from releasing an egg. 

“The combined pill is still one of the most commonly used methods of contraception and is often one of the few methods on offer from GP surgeries,” says Nakita Halil.

It must be taken daily to prevent pregnancy, at the same time of day.

Pros

:: It usually makes bleeds regular, lighter and less painful.

:: Studies have found that it reduces the risk of cancer of the ovary, uterus and colon.

:: Normal fertility returns as soon as you stop using it.

Cons

:: According to Halil, there can be a range of side-effects such as headaches, nausea, mood changes and breast tenderness.

:: It can have some serious side-effects in a small number of women, such as a blood clot, heart attack or stroke, but these aren’t common.

:: Missing a pill, vomiting or severe diarrhoea can make it less effective.

:: May not be suitable if you smoke and are over 35 years old.

:: Some types of medicine might make it less effective, including ones used to treat epilepsy, HIV and TB, and the complementary medicine St John’s Wort.

Mini Pill

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Mini Pill / Progestogen-Only Pill (91% Effective)

The progestogen-only pill (also known as the mini pill) is also taken at the same time, every day. Unlike with the combined pill, there is no seven-day break.

According to BPAS, there are two types of progestogen-only pills: both thicken the cervical mucus to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg, some also prevent the ovary from releasing an egg each month. 

Pros

:: Unlike the combined pill, the mini pill doesn’t contain oestrogen so it’s useful for women who can’t use the hormone.

:: Mini Pill can be used if you smoke and are over 35 years old.

:: It can help with premenstrual symptoms and painful periods.

:: This does not interfere with sex.

:: Normal fertility returns as soon as you stop using it.

Cons

:: It can cause irregular bleeding. 

:: Missing a pill, vomiting or severe diarrhoea can make it less effective.

:: It must be taken at the same time every day to work properly.

:: Some types of medicine might make it less effective, including ones used to treat epilepsy, HIV and TB, and the complementary medicine St John’s Wort.

Contraceptive Patch

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Contraceptive Patch (91% Effective)

A lesser-known contraceptive, the 4cm square plastic patch sticks to the skin and releases hormones into the bloodstream.

Unlike the pill, which is taken daily, new patches are usually applied weekly.

Pros

:: Contraceptive Patch does not interfere with sex.

:: It won’t cause you vomiting and diarrhoea.

:: Periods may become regular, lighter and less painful.

:: Normal fertility returns when you stop using it.

Cons

:: It may be seen on the skin or cause skin reactions.

:: Be careful, it can fall off without you noticing.

:: May not be suitable if you smoke and are over 35 years old. 

:: Some types of medicine might make it less effective, including ones used to treat epilepsy, HIV and TB, and the complementary medicine St John’s Wort.

Vaginal Ring

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Vaginal Ring (91% Effective)

A flexible, transparent, plastic ring which a woman places inside the vagina herself (like a tampon). It is left in place for three weeks and then removed, at which point a woman will usually then have her period. One week later, users add a new ring and start the cycle again. 

This method of contraception releases the same hormones used in the combined pill, which prevent the ovary from releasing an egg.

Pros

:: Vaginal Ring does not interfere with sex.

:: You don’t have to have to think about it everyday.

:: It is not affected by vomiting and diarrhoea.

:: Periods may become regular, lighter and less painful.

:: Normal fertility returns when you stop using it.

Cons

:: It may not be suitable if you smoke and are over 35 years old. 

:: In rare instances it may fall out during sexual intercourse or while straining during a bowel movement.

:: It has been associated with an increased risk of blood clots, stroke or heart attack. Anyone with a history of these conditions or any condition that makes your blood more likely to clot should avoid using it.

:: According to vaginal ring manufacturer NuvaRing, the most common side effects are: irritation inside the vagina or on the cervix, headache (including migraine), mood changes, the ring slipping out or causing discomfort, nausea and vomiting, vaginal discharge, weight gain, vaginal discomfort, breast pain or discomfort, painful menstrual periods, abdominal pain, acne and less sexual desire.

:: Some types of medicine might make it less effective, including ones used to treat epilepsy, HIV and TB, and the complementary medicine St John’s Wort.

Diaphragm And Cervical Caps

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Diaphragm And Cervical Caps (88% Effective)

Diaphragms are circular domes made of thin, soft latex or silicone with a flexible rim, while cervical caps are smaller and are made of latex or silicone. They are barrier methods of contraception, which means they prevent sperm and egg from meeting.

They fit inside the vagina and cover the cervix (the entrance to the womb).

Pros

:: You only need to use them when you have sex.

:: They have no serious health risks or side effects.

Cons

:: To be effective, diaphragms and caps need to be used with a spermicide. This can be messy to use and some people can be sensitive to it.

:: They come in different shapes and sizes, so you will need to see a doctor or nurse first to ensure it fits correctly. 

:: You need to learn how to use it to cover the cervix properly.

Male Condoms

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Male Condoms (82% Effective)

”Male condoms (also known as external condoms) are still one of the most popular methods not least because they also help protect you from sexually transmitted infections and they are so widely available,” says Nikita Halil.

“People often don’t know that they come in a range of shapes and sizes and it’s worth experimenting to find one that feels good to you.”

Pros

:: It will protect you against sexually transmitted infections as well as pregnancy.

:: They are good for people who don’t want to use hormonal methods.

:: Male condoms aren’t expensive, are easy to access and you can often get them for free.

:: The condom come in different shapes, sizes and flavours, which can make sex more fun.

Cons

:: You have to interrupt sex to put one on.

:: It can split or slip off.

:: Oil-based products (like body oils, hand creams and vaseline) can damage the latex and make the condom more likely to split. So always use water-based lubricants.

Female Condoms

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Female Condoms (79% Effective)

”Female condoms are the only other method that help protect you from sexually transmitted infections,” says Halil.

“They’re not as popular or widely available as male condoms but are another choice if you can’t use hormonal methods.”

Pros

:: Unlike male condoms, they can be put in any time before sex.

:: They protect against STIs as well as pregnancy.

:: They’re a good choice for women who can’t use hormonal methods.

Cons

:: They can slip or get pushed out of place if they aren’t used properly.

:: They can be quite expensive to buy.

Withdrawal

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Withdrawal (78% Effective)

This method is where the man withdraws his penis from a woman when he feels he is going to ejaculate. He then ejaculates outside of her body.

Generally, experts advise against this method.

Pros:

:: You don’t need to visit a clinic or use any products.

Cons:

:: Some sperm can leak out of the penis before ejaculation.

:: It has a relatively high failure rate – around 22 out of 100 women relying on it will get pregnant in a year.

:: It requires lots of control and practice. 

Contraceptives Pros and Cons Fertility Awareness Methods

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Fertility Awareness Methods (76% Effective)

This is when a woman identifies the most fertile phase of their monthly cycle using natural signs such as body temperature, cervical secretions and the length of their menstrual cycle.

During the fertile period, a couple will avoid sex or use another contraceptive method such as condoms.

Experts say you should only use natural family planning if you have been taught by a specialist. Every woman is different and natural family planning needs to be understood really well if it is going to be effective.

Pros:

:: There are no physical side effects.

Cons:

:: Some fertility awareness methods may be hard to use during fever or vaginal infection, after childbirth or while breastfeeding.

:: Some areas have limited availability of suitably trained healthcare professionals to teach this method.

Contraceptives Pros and Cons Plan B Pill

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Plan B

The morning after pill is a powerful way to stay in control of your body when you have unexpectedly had unprotected sex, or when you think that your usual contraception has failed.

Like all medication, it’s important to know as much as you can about the treatment before taking it.

Here’s a list of benefits and drawbacks for using the morning after pill, to help you make an informed decision about whether it is the correct choice for you.

Pros:

:: Reliable contraception – If you take ellaOne within 5 days of contraceptive failure or unprotected sex, it is 95% effective for preventing pregnancies, while Levonelle’s effectiveness drops over time, and after 3 days it is only about 58% successful.

:: Convenient – You can buy the morning after pill in advance, so that you always have it on hand if you need it. You might want to buy some emergency contraception if you are going on holiday, or if you don’t have easy access to it.

:: No serious side effects – While there are some morning after pill side effects that you may experience, none of them are considered “severe” by the NHS.

:: Single dose – Taking the morning after pill is as simple as it sounds: you take one pill and you’re done, and many women won’t even experience any emergency contraception side effects.

::Not harmful to foetuses – If the emergency pill doesn’t work and you become pregnant, there is no evidence that it will affect your baby.

Cons:

:: Morning after pill side effects – The morning after pill does sometimes have unwanted side effects, but none of these are considered severe.

::Effective for a limited time – If it’s been more than 5 days since you had unprotected sex or your contraception failed, there is no reason for you to take the morning after pill.

:: Only protects against pregnancy – It’s not really a negative point, but there are certainly some misconceptions about this. To be clear, the morning after pill doesn’t protect you from STIs, so if you have had unprotected sex you should still have an STI check-up even if you take emergency contraception.

::Vomiting – If you vomit within 3 hours of taking the morning after pill, you will need to take another dose.

::Not all women are suitable to take the morning after pill – The morning after pill is not suitable for some women.

Contraceptives Pros and Cons abortion pill

Contraceptives Pros and Cons: Abortion Pill

The abortion pill is also known as a medical abortion. ­There are two main types of abortions: medical abortions and surgical abortions.

Pros:

:: Being at home instead of in the clinic may feel more private.

:: Being similar to experiencing a natural miscarriage may feel more natural.

:: The abortion can be done at a slightly earlier stage of pregnancy than suction abortion.

:: Injections and surgical instruments are not involved in the process, therefore it is less invasive.

:: Surgical injury to the uterus cannot occur.

:: You have more control over the abortion process.

Cons:

:: You must have someone to support you at home during the abortion process.

:: Bleeding and cramps can be heavier and last longer than with suction abortion.

:: It cannot be done as late in pregnancy as suction abortion.

:: You must have a follow up blood tests to confirm you are not still pregnant.

:: Intrauterine contraceptive devices require a procedure at a later date.

:: It cannot end an ectopic pregnancy (in the tube). 

So here you go which method you should use, will be easy after you have gone through this list. While researching for this article I myself learned a lot. For this list I did use help from view professionals, because I am not a medical professional so it would be wrong of me do write it all by myself. I try to write it my own words, but these medical terms are so hard, but I assure you I did the best to make it be authentic to me and my brand. 

 

If you have any other questions regarding this topic, please write in comments for future articles. 

Sourced I used to write this article:

https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk

https://www.cooppharmacy.coop/health-a-z/morning-after-pill-pillar/10-pros-and-cons-of-emergency-contraception/

http://www.amac.org.nz/sites/default/files/downloads/comparison_of_early_abortion_options_final.pdf

 
Reminder: Always educate yourself before you start taking something

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